Diamonds are amongst, if not the only, hardest natural substance that has been discovered. As well as being the jewel in a Diamond Ring, diamonds are used for a variety of industrial uses. Only around 20% of all the diamonds that originate from the many diamond mines throughout the world are of a good enough quality to be used in jewellery items. As a result of its density and strength (it measures 10 on the Mohs Hardness Scale) and other qualities such as thermal conductivity, diamonds are used for a variety of different industrial uses. These include:
Engraving – ironically other than man made lasers the only substance hard enough to cut a diamond is another diamond. This means that it is the perfect material for using in engraving, particularly in the engraving of glass products. The risk you run trying to engrave into glass is that you cut too deeply and glass cracks. Diamonds allow the engravers to very gently cut away the surface of the glass leaving behind the message or image on the glass item.
Abrasive Materials – as mentioned above the cutting qualities of a diamond are immense and this has led to them being used in forms of sandpapers, saw blades and drill bits and other materials and equipment that is used to sand surfaces and cut other construction materials.
Speaker domes – small diamonds are used in speaker domes as they are can vibrate at high speeds and not lose their shape. This means they are a popular material to use to make a thin speaker dome as the vibrations do not cause the dome to alter in shape which can have an adverse effect on the quality of the sound.
Windows – Thin membranes of diamonds are used to create windows. These windows aren’t used in your standard domestic or commercial property like the ones you can find at a Gloucester Double Glazing company, but instead are used for encasing equipment like lasers and x-ray machines. This is in part due to the natural durability of the diamonds and their transparent and heat resistant properties.
Who knows what uses we may find for diamonds in the future. Will we see cars utilising them in their engine components or perhaps they will be used to help develop even more sophisticated medical equipment that will be used in hospitals and surgeries throughout the world. Whatever their future it is evident that as well as adorning jewellery items these almost indestructible gems have so many other potential uses.